Get a good pair of walking shoes and…fall in love
Try everything. Photojournalism, fashion, portraiture, nudes, whatever. You won't know what kind of photographer you are until you try it. During one summer vacation (in college) I worked for a born-again tabletop photographer. All day long we'd photograph socks and listen to Christian radio. That summer I learned I was neither a studio photographer nor a born-again Christian. Another year I worked for a small suburban newspaper chain and was surprised to learn that I enjoyed assignment photography . Fun is important. You should like the process and the subject. If you are bored or unhappy with your subject it will show up in the pictures. If in your heart of hearts you want to take pictures of kitties, take pictures of kitties.
I would advise to read a lot of literature and look as little as possible other photographers. Work everyday even without assignments or money, work, work, work with discipline for yourself and not for editors or awards. And also collaborate with people not necessary photographers but people you admire. The key word to learn is participation
Photograph because you love doing it, because you absolutely have to do it, because the chief reward is going to be the process of doing it. Other rewards — recognition, financial remuneration — come to so few and are so fleeting. And even if you are somewhat successful, there will almost inevitably be stretches of time when you will be ignored, have little income, or — often — both. Certainly there are many other easier ways to make a living in this society. Take photography on as a passion, not a career.
I could use some good advice myselff … but first thing that springs to mind is Bob Dylan's: “keep a good head and always carry a light bulb.”
我自己倒是有不少好建议……但在我脑子里首先跳出来的是鲍勃·迪伦（Bob Dylan）的话：“保持头脑清醒， 带一个电灯泡。”
My advice: Photograph who you are
CARL DE KEYZER
Give it all you got for at least 5 years and then decide if you got what it takes. Too many great talents give up at the very beginning; the great black hole looming after the comfortable academy or university years is the number one killer of future talent.
Forget about the profession of being a photographer. First be a photographer and maybe the profession will come after. Don't be in a rush to make pay your rent with your camera. Jimi Hendrix didn't decide on the career of rofessional musician before he learned to play guitar. No, he loved music and created something beautiful and that THEN became a profession. Larry Towell, for instance, was not a professional photographer until he was already a famous photographer. Make the pictures you feel compelled to make and perhaps that will lead to a career. But if you try to make the career first, you will just make shitty pictures that you don't care about.
不要去想成为一个职业摄影师。首先你要当一个摄影师，或许之后自然而然就职业了。不要急着靠拍照付房租。吉米·亨德里克斯（Jimi Hendrix）并不是在学会弹吉他之前就决定当职业音乐人的。他首先热爱音乐，并且创造了一些美妙的曲子，然后才成了音乐家。在拉里·托维尔（Larry Towell）成为职业摄影师之前，早就成了一个著名的摄影师。去拍摄那些你认为不得不拍的影像，或许这会慢慢把你引向职业的道路。但如果你一开始就想着职业，那你只能拍出自己都不在乎的劣质图片。
1) Never think photography is easy. It's like poetry in that it's easy enough to make a few rhymes, but that's not a good poem.
2) Study photography, see what people have achieved, but learn from it, don't try photographically to be one of those people.
3) Photograph things you really care about, things that really interest you, not things you feel you ought to do.
4) Photograph them in the way you feel is right, not they way you think you ought to.
5) Be open to criticism, it can be really helpful, but stick to you core values.
6) Study and theory is useful but you learn most by doing. Take photographs, lots of them, be depressed by them, take more, hone your skills and get out there in the world and interact.
Try not to take pictures, which simply show what something looks like. By the way you put the elements of an image together in a frame show us something we have never seen before and will never see again. And remember that catching a moment makes the image even more unique in the stream of time. Also, try to do workshops with photographers whose work you admire, but first ask around to make sure they are good teachers as well as good photographers. Taking good pictures is easy. Making very good pictures is difficult. Making great pictures is almost impossible.
Never stop enjoying it. Try and not look for pictures but keep yourself always open and allow yourself to be stimulated by whatever hits you. Work towards a goal … book, exhibition… but more importantly work towards finding your own voice, your subject and your application. Accept that your work is more about you than what you represent, try to bridge that balance, without resorting to photographing your feet In other words try and translate personal experience into a collective one, it is very possible and I think the key quest of any art form… (study the book “Waffenruhe” by Michael Schmidt) — study all the great photographers and love doing it, start at the beginning, look at early American, and German, then French, then take a close look at artists using photography in the sixties, Rusha etc. Don't get bogged down in theory, but respect it, read Robert Adams on Photography, in fact embrace Robert Adams generally and you will learn a lot. Read literature, especially early Russian , French and modern American, (and Irish, Joyce), the journey literature has taken as an art form in terms of description and representation is very similar to photography. Don't rely on style for the sake of it, if you have your own subject , you can adopt other people's styles if it helps, and visa versa, if you photograph something every one has, then adopt an style, execution, that can only be yours, entually you will achieve both, your own voice will come through , but it can take time. Study the book “How You Look at It” … Important essays there will help you. Always try and be honest with yourself… for example, is the idea of being a photographer more exciting to you than photography itself , if this is true think about becoming an actor…if you genuinely love photography don't give it up. Understand and enjoy the fact that photography is a unique medium. Respect and work within photography's limitations, you will go much further.
换言之，你要试着把自己的个人经验转换成普遍经验，这确实是有可能的，而且我认为这是任何艺术形式的关键诉求……去研读Michael Schmidt的Waffenruhe一书—— 去研究所有伟大的摄影师并且要喜欢研究他们，从头开始研读，去看早期美国摄影师，然后德国的，还有法国的，然后再仔细研读一下二十世纪60年代采用摄影术的艺术家，比如Rusha等。不要让自己陷入理论中不可自拔，而要尊重理论。
去读读罗伯特·亚当斯（Robert Adams）的摄影理论——实际上，好好研读罗伯特·亚当斯，你会学到很多东西。去读文学作品，特别是早期俄国文学、法国文学以及现代美国作品，还有爱尔兰文学，比如詹姆斯·乔伊斯（James Augustine Aloysius Joyce，1882-1941），游记类文学作品在描写和记叙方面与摄影极为接近。不要为了风格而风格。如果你有自己的主题，你也可以采用别人的方式，只要对主题有帮助。
反之亦然。如果你要去拍大家都已经拍摄过的东西，那么就采用你自己独有的方式和风格。而最终你两样都会得到，你的意见会自己显现出来，但这需要时间。去读读《How You Look at It》这本书……其中重要的文章会对你有帮助。要保持对自己诚实……比如，到底是当一个摄影师这件事更让你激动，还是摄影本身？如果是前者，那么你应该去做演员……如果你真的热爱摄影，那么就不要放弃。理解并且享受摄影作为一种独特的媒体的特性。接受摄影的局限性，在这些局限之内尽量拍摄，然后你可以走得更远。
Don't become a photographer unless its what you have to do. It can't be the easy option. If you become a photographer you will do a lot of walking so buy good shoes.
Young photographers should learn their craft well and don't expect to make a constant living at taking pictures. But they should FOLLOW THEIR BLISS. Find time to pursue themes that indicate their concerns, big and small. Above all when shooting, MAKE AN ARTICULATE IMAGE.
Stop talking theory when a camera is in their your and do not over-think the image. Lose the ego and let the photograph find you. Observe the life moving like a river around you and realize that the images you make may become part of the collective history of the time that you are living in.
Learn the craft (which is not very hard). Carefully study past work of photographers and classic painters. Look and learn from movies. See where you can fit in as a commercial “photographer”. Commercial: meaning working for others and delivering a product on command. But most of all keep your personal photography as your separate hobby. If you are very good and diligent it just may pay off.