马格兰摄影师给年轻人的建议(上)

很多朋友可能不知道马格兰,马格兰摄影通讯社(Magnum Photos)是世界相当知名且具有影响力的摄影经纪公司,成立于1947年,为了忠实呈现第二次世界大战后的影像纪实而成立。里头成员都是在职的专业摄影师,过去有许多卓越的新闻摄影奖得主,都是马格兰的成员,也因为成员不超过80位,所以要进入马格兰摄影通讯社是更加困难。令人感到骄傲的是,摄影师张干琦,是台湾唯一马格兰摄影通讯社的会员。

 

马格兰网站上的一篇访谈,里面对每一个摄影师都问了两个问题:第一次对摄影感到兴奋是什么时候?对年轻摄影师有何建议?在这篇马格兰网站访谈中,34位摄影师对此都给出了自己的答案。

 

 

 

ABBAS

 

Get a good pair of walking shoes and…fall in love

 

买双好鞋,并且……去爱(爱摄影,还是爱别人?)

 

 

ALEC SOTH

 

Try everything. Photojournalism, fashion, portraiture, nudes, whatever. You won't know what kind of photographer you are until you try it. During one summer vacation (in college) I worked for a born-again tabletop photographer. All day long we'd photograph socks and listen to Christian radio. That summer I learned I was neither a studio photographer nor a born-again Christian. Another year I worked for a small suburban newspaper chain and was surprised to learn that I enjoyed assignment photography . Fun is important. You should like the process and the subject. If you are bored or unhappy with your subject it will show up in the pictures. If in your heart of hearts you want to take pictures of kitties, take pictures of kitties.

 

去尝试各种摄影:新闻、时装、肖像、人体,任何种类。你不会知道是什么类型的摄影师除非你尝试过。我大学时期有个​​暑假做了一个桌面摄影师的助理,他是个再生的基督徒,于是我跟着他每天听着天主教电台广播拍摄袜子。在那个夏天我发现自己不适合当影棚摄影师,也不会成为再生基督徒。另一年我为一家郊区报纸工作,那个时候我惊讶地发现自己很喜欢接受拍摄任务。兴趣是最重要的。你应该享受这个过程,并且喜欢拍摄的主题。如果你厌倦了,或者不喜欢这个主题,就会在图片中显现出来。如果你内心想拍摄小猫,那就去拍摄小猫。

 

 

ALEX MAJOLI

 

I would advise to read a lot of literature and look as little as possible other photographers. Work everyday even without assignments or money, work, work, work with discipline for yourself and not for editors or awards. And also collaborate with people not necessary photographers but people you admire. The key word to learn is participation

 

我建议多看些文学作品,而尽量少看其他摄影师的作品。每天都要拍摄,哪怕没有任务或者是钱。拍摄,拍摄,拍摄,这必须成为自己的原则,而不是为了图片编辑或者是得奖。同时,也要与别人合作,不光是摄影师,还有你尊敬的人。关键就是要参与进去!

 

ALEX WEBB

 

Photograph because you love doing it, because you absolutely have to do it, because the chief reward is going to be the process of doing it. Other rewards — recognition, financial remuneration — come to so few and are so fleeting. And even if you are somewhat successful, there will almost inevitably be stretches of time when you will be ignored, have little income, or — often — both. Certainly there are many other easier ways to make a living in this society. Take photography on as a passion, not a career.

 

要因为热爱而去拍摄,因为那种不得不拍的感觉而去拍摄,为了在过程中得到满足而拍摄。其他的收获——别人的赞誉、报酬——这些只有极少数人能够得到,而且是那么的短暂。哪怕你在某种程度上获得了成功,也不可避免地在一段时间之内受到忽视,没有收入。世上有很多容易的谋生方式,把摄影当作自己的兴趣,而不是职业。

 

 

ALESSANDRA SANGUINETTI

 

I could use some good advice myselff … but first thing that springs to mind is Bob Dylan's: “keep a good head and always carry a light bulb.”

 

我自己倒是有不少好建议……但在我脑子里首先跳出来的是鲍勃·迪伦(Bob Dylan)的话:“保持头脑清醒, 带一个电灯泡。”

 

 

BRUCE GILDEN

 

My advice: Photograph who you are

 

我的建议是:拍出你自己!

 

 

CARL DE KEYZER

 

Give it all you got for at least 5 years and then decide if you got what it takes. Too many great talents give up at the very beginning; the great black hole looming after the comfortable academy or university years is the number one killer of future talent.

 

给你自己五年时间然后看看是不是达到了自己的目标。很多有才华的人在开始的时候就放弃了;舒适的学生生涯之后巨大的黑洞是最大的天才杀手。

 

 

CHRISTOPHER ANDERSON

 

Forget about the profession of being a photographer. First be a photographer and maybe the profession will come after. Don't be in a rush to make pay your rent with your camera. Jimi Hendrix didn't decide on the career of rofessional musician before he learned to play guitar. No, he loved music and created something beautiful and that THEN became a profession. Larry Towell, for instance, was not a professional photographer until he was already a famous photographer. Make the pictures you feel compelled to make and perhaps that will lead to a career. But if you try to make the career first, you will just make shitty pictures that you don't care about.

 

不要去想成为一个职业摄影师。首先你要当一个摄影师,或许之后自然而然就职业了。不要急着靠拍照付房租。吉米·亨德里克斯(Jimi Hendrix)并不是在学会弹吉他之前就决定当职业音乐人的。他首先热爱音乐,并且创造了一些美妙的曲子,然后才成了音乐家。在拉里·托维尔(Larry Towell)成为职业摄影师之前,早就成了一个著名的摄影师。去拍摄那些你认为不得不拍的影像,或许这会慢慢把你引向职业的道路。但如果你一开始就想着职业,那你只能拍出自己都不在乎的劣质图片。

CHRIS STEELE-PERKINS

1) Never think photography is easy. It's like poetry in that it's easy enough to make a few rhymes, but that's not a good poem.

2) Study photography, see what people have achieved, but learn from it, don't try photographically to be one of those people.

3) Photograph things you really care about, things that really interest you, not things you feel you ought to do.

4) Photograph them in the way you feel is right, not they way you think you ought to.

5) Be open to criticism, it can be really helpful, but stick to you core values​​.

6) Study and theory is useful but you learn most by doing. Take photographs, lots of them, be depressed by them, take more, hone your skills and get out there in the world and interact.

1)不要觉得摄影很容易。就像写诗,要写几句韵文或许很容易,但那不足以成为好诗。

2)学习摄影,看看大师们是怎么做的,向他们学习,但不要试图复制他们的影像。

3)去拍那些你真正关心的事物,那些真正吸引你的事物,而不要拍摄你认为你应该拍的东西。

4)用你认为正确的方式去拍,而不要用你认为应该用的方式去拍。

5)愿意接受批评,它们有时是有益的,但​​是要坚持你的核心价值观。

6)学习和理论有一定的作用,但是你更多地是通过实践来学到东西。拍摄,拍摄很多很多照片,为之沮丧,然后拍摄更多。磨练你的技术,投入大千世界并且做出回应。

CONSTANTINE MANOS

Try not to take pictures, which simply show what something looks like. By the way you put the elements of an image together in a frame show us something we have never seen before and will never see again. And remember that catching a moment makes the image even more unique in the stream of time. Also, try to do workshops with photographers whose work you admire, but first ask around to make sure they are good teachers as well as good photographers. Taking good pictures is easy. Making very good pictures is difficult. Making great pictures is almost impossible.

不要去拍那些仅仅显示出事物表象的照片。你把图像的各种元素组合在一起的方式就想我们展现了我们未曾见过的东西。更不要忘了,影像中被捕捉下来的瞬间使之在时间的长河里成了唯一。另外,尽量参加你敬重的摄影师的短训班,但首先你得搞清楚他们不仅仅是好摄影师,同时也是好老师。拍出好的照片很简单。创造出很棒的图片很难。创造出伟大的图片几乎是不可能的。

DONOVAN WYLIE

Never stop enjoying it. Try and not look for pictures but keep yourself always open and allow yourself to be stimulated by whatever hits you. Work towards a goal … book, exhibition… but more importantly work towards finding your own voice, your subject and your application. Accept that your work is more about you than what you represent, try to bridge that balance, without resorting to photographing your feet In other words try and translate personal experience into a collective one, it is very possible and I think the key quest of any art form… (study the book “Waffenruhe” by Michael Schmidt) — study all the great photographers and love doing it, start at the beginning, look at early American, and German, then French, then take a close look at artists using photography in the sixties, Rusha etc. Don't get bogged down in theory, but respect it, read Robert Adams on Photography, in fact embrace Robert Adams generally and you will learn a lot. Read literature, especially early Russian , French and modern American, (and Irish, Joyce), the journey literature has taken as an art form in terms of description and representation is very similar to photography. Don't rely on style for the sake of it, if you have your own subject , you can adopt other people's styles if it helps, and visa versa, if you photograph something every one has, then adopt an style, execution, that can only be yours, entually you will achieve both, your own voice will come through , but it can take time. Study the book “How You Look at It” … Important essays there will help you. Always try and be honest with yourself… for example, is the idea of being a photographer more exciting to you than photography itself , if this is true think about becoming an actor…if you genuinely love photography don't give it up. Understand and enjoy the fact that photography is a unique medium. Respect and work within photography's limitations, you will go much further.

要享受摄影。尝试不要去寻找图像,而要保持开放的心态,让图像来刺激你。要带着目标来拍摄,为了出版一本书,或是举办一个展览,但更重要的是,要为了找到你自己的意见、自己的主题和自己的方式去拍摄。记住你的作品是关于你本人的,而不是你所代表的东西。这是个微妙的平衡,你要学着去把握,当然,别最后去拍自己的脚就行了。

换言之,你要试着把自己的个人经验转换成普遍经验,这确实是有可能的,而且我认为这是任何艺术形式的关键诉求……去研读Michael Schmidt的Waffenruhe一书—— 去研究所有伟大的摄影师并且要喜欢研究他们,从头开始研读,去看早期美国摄影师,然后德国的,还有法国的,然后再仔细研读一下二十世纪60年代采用摄影术的艺术家,比如Rusha等。不要让自己陷入理论中不可自拔,而要尊重理论。

去读读罗伯特·亚当斯(Robert Adams)的摄影理论——实际上,好好研读罗伯特·亚当斯,你会学到很多东西。去读文学作品,特别是早期俄国文学、法国文学以及现代美国作品,还有爱尔兰文学,比如詹姆斯·乔伊斯(James Augustine Aloysius Joyce,1882-1941),游记类文学作品在描写和记叙方面与摄影极为接近。不要为了风格而风格。如果你有自己的主题,你也可以采用别人的方式,只要对主题有帮助。

反之亦然。如果你要去拍大家都已经拍摄过的东西,那么就采用你自己独有的方式和风格。而最终你两样都会得到,你的意见会自己显现出来,但这需要时间。去读读《How You Look at It》这本书……其中重要的文章会对你有帮助。要保持对自己诚实……比如,到底是当一个摄影师这件事更让你激动,还是摄影本身?如果是前者,那么你应该去做演员……如果你真的热爱摄影,那么就不要放弃。理解并且享受摄影作为一种独特的媒体的特性。接受摄影的局限性,在这些局限之内尽量拍摄,然后你可以走得更远。

DAVID HURN

Don't become a photographer unless its what you have to do. It can't be the easy option. If you become a photographer you will do a lot of walking so buy good shoes.

除非你真的很想当摄影师,不然不要去做。那不是个简单的选择。如果你当了摄影师,你会需要走很多路,所以买一双好鞋。

DENNIS STOCK

Young photographers should learn their craft well and don't expect to make a constant living at taking pictures. But they should FOLLOW THEIR BLISS. Find time to pursue themes that indicate their concerns, big and small. Above all when shooting, MAKE AN ARTICULATE IMAGE.

年轻的摄影师需要了解摄影技术,但别指望能够靠拍照谋生。不过他们需要追随自己的内心。找时间去拍能够反应他们关注点的主题,不管是大是小。最最重要的是,拍摄清晰的图像。

ELI REED

Stop talking theory when a camera is in their your and do not over-think the image. Lose the ego and let the photograph find you. Observe the life moving like a river around you and realize that the images you make may become part of the collective history of the time that you are living in.

拿着相机的时候别想太多理论,也别过分考虑出来的图像。把自我收起来,然后影像会自己找上你。观察你周遭如流水般的生活,你得意识到你所拍摄的图像终将成为你所在的时代的公共历史。

ELLIOTT ERWITT

Learn the craft (which is not very hard). Carefully study past work of photographers and classic painters. Look and learn from movies. See where you can fit in as a commercial “photographer”. Commercial: meaning working for others and delivering a product on command. But most of all keep your personal photography as your separate hobby. If you are very good and diligent it just may pay off.

学好技术,这并不困难。仔细学习以前摄影师的作品和古典画作。多看些电影,并从中学习。试着让自己成为一个“商业摄影师”,我指的是,为别人工作,根据要求拍摄。但更重要的是,把你自己的摄影当作单独的爱好。如果你做的足够好并且足够勤奋,自然会得到回报的。



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